elektronika

Membuat web server dari esp 8266 untuk kontrol LED

pada sharing kali ini saya akan membahas bagaimana memfungsikan ESP 8266 sebagai webserver dimana nantinya esp 8266 akan mengontrol dua buah LED.

berikut ini adalah langkah-langkah yang harus lakukan untuk pembuatanya :

  • silahkan buka arduino IDE, jika anda belum punya silahkan download terlebih dahulu dan install arduino IDE
  • selanjutnya adalah silahkan install terlebih dulu esp 8266 di arduino IDE. dengan cara klik file => preference
  • kemudian masukan link ini http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json ke dalam “Additional Board Manager URLs” seperti pada gambar dibawah ini

  • selanjutnya silahkan ke Tools > Board > Boards Manager…

  • kemudian silahkan scrol down kebawah hingga anda menemukan esp8266 by ESP8266 Community setelah itu silahkan tekan tombol install

berikut ini adalah code secara lengkapnya :

// Load Wi-Fi library
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>

// Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid = "REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_SSID";
const char* password = "REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_PASSWORD";

// Set web server port number to 80
WiFiServer server(80);

// Variable to store the HTTP request
String header;

// Auxiliar variables to store the current output state
String output5State = "off";
String output4State = "off";

// Assign output variables to GPIO pins
const int output5 = 5;
const int output4 = 4;

// Current time
unsigned long currentTime = millis();
// Previous time
unsigned long previousTime = 0;
// Define timeout time in milliseconds (example: 2000ms = 2s)
const long timeoutTime = 2000;

void setup() {
Serial.begin(115200);
// Initialize the output variables as outputs
pinMode(output5, OUTPUT);
pinMode(output4, OUTPUT);
// Set outputs to LOW
digitalWrite(output5, LOW);
digitalWrite(output4, LOW);

// Connect to Wi-Fi network with SSID and password
Serial.print("Connecting to ");
Serial.println(ssid);
WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
delay(500);
Serial.print(".");
}
// Print local IP address and start web server
Serial.println("");
Serial.println("WiFi connected.");
Serial.println("IP address: ");
Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
server.begin();
}

void loop(){
WiFiClient client = server.available(); // Listen for incoming clients

if (client) { // If a new client connects,
Serial.println("New Client."); // print a message out in the serial port
String currentLine = ""; // make a String to hold incoming data from the client
currentTime = millis();
previousTime = currentTime;
while (client.connected() && currentTime - previousTime <= timeoutTime) { // loop while the client's connected
currentTime = millis();
if (client.available()) { // if there's bytes to read from the client,
char c = client.read(); // read a byte, then
Serial.write(c); // print it out the serial monitor
header += c;
if (c == '\n') { // if the byte is a newline character
// if the current line is blank, you got two newline characters in a row.
// that's the end of the client HTTP request, so send a response:
if (currentLine.length() == 0) {
// HTTP headers always start with a response code (e.g. HTTP/1.1 200 OK)
// and a content-type so the client knows what's coming, then a blank line:
client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
client.println("Content-type:text/html");
client.println("Connection: close");
client.println();

// turns the GPIOs on and off
if (header.indexOf("GET /5/on") >= 0) {
Serial.println("GPIO 5 on");
output5State = "on";
digitalWrite(output5, HIGH);
} else if (header.indexOf("GET /5/off") >= 0) {
Serial.println("GPIO 5 off");
output5State = "off";
digitalWrite(output5, LOW);
} else if (header.indexOf("GET /4/on") >= 0) {
Serial.println("GPIO 4 on");
output4State = "on";
digitalWrite(output4, HIGH);
} else if (header.indexOf("GET /4/off") >= 0) {
Serial.println("GPIO 4 off");
output4State = "off";
digitalWrite(output4, LOW);
}

// Display the HTML web page
client.println("<!DOCTYPE html><html>");
client.println("<head><meta name=\"viewport\" content=\"width=device-width, initial-scale=1\">");
client.println("<link rel=\"icon\" href=\"data:,\">");
// CSS to style the on/off buttons
// Feel free to change the background-color and font-size attributes to fit your preferences
client.println("<style>html { font-family: Helvetica; display: inline-block; margin: 0px auto; text-align: center;}");
client.println(".button { background-color: #195B6A; border: none; color: white; padding: 16px 40px;");
client.println("text-decoration: none; font-size: 30px; margin: 2px; cursor: pointer;}");
client.println(".button2 {background-color: #77878A;}</style></head>");

// Web Page Heading
client.println("<body><h1>ESP8266 Web Server</h1>");

// Display current state, and ON/OFF buttons for GPIO 5
client.println("<p>GPIO 5 - State " + output5State + "</p>");
// If the output5State is off, it displays the ON button
if (output5State=="off") {
client.println("<p><a href=\"/5/on\"><button class=\"button\">ON</button></a></p>");
} else {
client.println("<p><a href=\"/5/off\"><button class=\"button button2\">OFF</button></a></p>");
}

// Display current state, and ON/OFF buttons for GPIO 4
client.println("<p>GPIO 4 - State " + output4State + "</p>");
// If the output4State is off, it displays the ON button
if (output4State=="off") {
client.println("<p><a href=\"/4/on\"><button class=\"button\">ON</button></a></p>");
} else {
client.println("<p><a href=\"/4/off\"><button class=\"button button2\">OFF</button></a></p>");
}
client.println("</body></html>");

// The HTTP response ends with another blank line
client.println();
// Break out of the while loop
break;
} else { // if you got a newline, then clear currentLine
currentLine = "";
}
} else if (c != '\r') { // if you got anything else but a carriage return character,
currentLine += c; // add it to the end of the currentLine
}
}
}
// Clear the header variable
header = "";
// Close the connection
client.stop();
Serial.println("Client disconnected.");
Serial.println("");
}
}

pada program diatas perlu anda modifikasi khusus di hal-hal tertentu seperti pada syntax berikut ini :

// Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid = “REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_SSID”;
const char* password = “REPLACE_WITH_YOUR_PASSWORD”;

silahkan anda rubah nama ssid dan password sesuai dengan internet yang anda gunakan.

kemudian silahkan buat rangkaian seperti dibawah ini .

buat rangkaian seperti gambar diatas masing-masing led hubungkan ke GPIO 4 ( D2) dan GPIO 5 (D1) masing-masing led silahkan tambahkan tahanan 220 atau 330 ohm.

hasil percobaan :

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

error: Content is protected !!